According to the National Eye Institute, nearly 20 genes affect your risk of developing macular degeneration. At Mission Viejo Optometric Center in Mission Viejo, California, Dr. Tanya Lau, OD, knows how the impaired vision that’s associated with macular degeneration can negatively impact your daily life. Dr. Lau is a macular degeneration specialist providing attentive and individualized optometric care. Call or use online booking to schedule your consultation today.
Macular degeneration occurs when your normally clear vision starts to turn hazy. A hallmark symptom of macular degeneration is a blind spot that generally forms in the center of your field of vision.
Macular degeneration is more common in people over 65 and is often referred to as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The blurred and impaired central vision happens as a result of the thinning of the macula near the center of your retina.
The condition usually starts in one eye and later progresses and affects both eyes. Dry macular degeneration may progress into neovascular or wet macular degeneration where the blood vessels grow under the retina and start to leak.
Common symptoms of macular degeneration include:
Some people with macular degeneration report needing brighter lights when focusing on things up close, such as reading.
Symptoms of macular degeneration develop slowly over time and the condition is usually painless.
It’s important you stay up-to-date with your comprehensive eye exams so Dr. Lau can detect any abnormalities early on. If you notice any changes in your central vision or other unusual signs, visit Dr. Lau as soon as possible.
The exact cause of macular degeneration isn’t definitive, but many experts point to a combination of genetics and environmental factors, such as poor nutrition and smoking.
Factors that increase your risk for macular degeneration include:
As your eye ages, you naturally experience wear and tear and the breaking down and thinning of certain parts of your eye, such as the macula.
To treat macular degeneration, Dr. Lau might recommend:
The earlier macular degeneration is detected, the better your chances of preventing any further vision loss with effective medical and self-care methods and treatments.
If you experience changes in your vision and have concerns about your eye health, call Mission Viejo Optometric Center in Orange County or use online booking to schedule an appointment today.